En 1542, soit un demi-siècle après le premier voyage de Christophe Colomb dans le Nouveau Monde, les monarques ibériques interdirent l'esclavage des Indiens aux Amériques, du littoral oriental des Etats-Unis jusqu'à la pointe de l'Amérique du Sud. Pourtant, comme le révèle ici l'historien Andrés Reséndez, il a perduré pendant des siècles sur tout le continent. Des centaines de milliers d'autochtones ont ainsi été victimes de kidnapping et d'asservissement brutal, envoyés dans l'enfer des mines d'or ou livrés aux pionniers en tant qu'esclaves, y compris aux Etats-Unis, jusqu'à la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle.
Cet esclavage de masse a décimé les populations amérindiennes aussi sûrement que les maladies apportées et transmises par les Européens : à travers des documents inédits, ce récit terrible et passionnant en apporte la preuve. Alors que de nombreux pays, et les Etats-Unis en particulier, sont aux prises avec l'héritage du passé, Andrés Reséndez dévoile un chapitre essentiel d'une histoire douloureuse à laquelle il est plus que jamais nécessaire de se confronter.
“Long-awaited and important . . . No other book before has so thoroughly related the broad history of Indian slavery in the Americas.”--San Francisco Chronicle /> /> “A necessary work . . . [Reséndez’s] reportage will likely surprise you.”--NPR /> /> “One of the most profound contributions to North American history.”--Los Angeles Times /> /> Since the time of Columbus, Indian slavery was illegal in much of the American continent. Yet, as Andrés Reséndez illuminates in his myth-shattering The Other Slavery, it was practiced for centuries as an open secret. There was no abolitionist movement to protect the tens of thousands of Natives who were kidnapped and enslaved by the conquistadors. Reséndez builds the incisive case that it was mass slavery--more than epidemics--that decimated Indian populations across North America. Through riveting new evidence, including testimonies of courageous priests, rapacious merchants, and Indian captives, The Other Slavery reveals nothing less than a key missing piece of American history. For over two centuries we have fought over, abolished, and tried to come to grips with African American slavery. It is time for the West to confront an entirely separate, equally devastating enslavement we have long failed truly to see. /> />“Beautifully written . . . A tour de force.”--Chronicle of Higher Education />
In 1528, a mission set out from Spain to colonize Florida. But the expedition went horribly wrong: Delayed by a hurricane, knocked off course by a colossal error of navigation, and ultimately doomed by a disastrous decision to separate the men from their ships, the mission quickly became a desperate journey of survival. Of the three hundred men who had embarked on the journey, only four survived three Spaniards and an African slave. This tiny band endured a horrific march through Florida, a harrowing raft passage across the Louisiana coast, and years of enslavement in the American Southwest. They journeyed for almost ten years in search of the Pacific Ocean that would guide them home, and they were forever changed by their experience. The men lived with a variety of nomadic Indians and learned several indigenous languages. They saw lands, peoples, plants, and animals that no outsider had ever seen before. In this enthralling tale of four castaways wandering in an unknown land, Andrés Reséndez brings to life the vast, dynamic world of North America just a few years before European settlers would transform it forever.